nefu - network monitoring daemon

     nefu [ -d passes ] [ -D domain ] [ -f file ] [ -h ]
     [ -H ] [ -l facility ] [  -m mask  ]  [ -n ] [ -N ]
     [ -p seconds ] [ -r seconds ] [ -R ] [ -s seconds ] 
     [ -u uname ] [ -V ]

     nefu is a daemon used for monitoring services available over
     a network.

     nefu must be started as root.  Once  started,  nefu  changes
     its  UID  and  directory to those of the user nefu, unless a
     different user is specified with the -u  option.   nefu  may
     use  external  programs to monitor services.  External tests
     should reside under $HOME/shelltests.

     nefu's input is a dependency map of services to monitor or a
     file specified with the -f option.  See nefu.conf(5) for the
     dependency map syntax.

     nefu's dependency map consists of  two  types  of  machines:
     leaf  and internal.  Internal machines are network dependen-
     cies for other machines; leaf machines have  local  services
     only.   When  a  service  on  a machine is tested it will be
     found to be in one of three states: UP, DOWN, or MAYBE_DOWN.
     A  service  in the DOWN state has responded in a manner that
     conclusively proves it is unavailable (e.g.,  a  "Connection
     Refused" response).  A service that fails in an inconclusive
     manner (e.g., a timeout) is considered to be MAYBE_DOWN.  If
     a service transitions from UP or DOWN to MAYBE_DOWN, and all
     of the network dependencies between the monitor machine  and
     the  target  are  verified to be UP, the service is tested a
     second time.  If the service fails inconclusively  a  second
     time  it  is  MAYBE_DOWN.   A BOUNCE is logged for a service
     that  fails  inconclusively  once,  but  then  replies  con-
     clusively after its dependency path is verified.

     If a machine's domain name is not found in DNS, or  if  it's
     domain name resolves to multiple IP addresses, it is ignored
     by the monitor and reported as down.  All machines  in  this
     state  are re-queried every so many passes, as set by the -d
     passes flag.  By default, re-queries  every 10  passes.   If
     passes is set to 0, DNS is never re-queried.

     nefu's pass time is how long it takes to complete  a  single
     pass  through its dependency tree testing all reachable leaf
     machines.  If a pass takes less time than the minimum  time,
     nefu will sleep for the remainder of the pass.  In the event
     that a pass should take longer than the  minimum  pass  time
     nefu  will  begin  its  next pass immediately.  Default pass
     time is 60 seconds, or it can be set  with  the  -p  option.
     Service  delay  time  is the time between each test during a
     pass.  Default service delay time is 0 seconds.  It  can  be
     set  with  the  -s  option.   nefu's last complete pass time
     information is published in its .project file.

     syslog(3) is used to  log  informational  messages.   syslog
     facility  can  be set with the -l option, default is DAEMON.
     nefu logs  different  events  at  different  syslog  levels:
     LOG_DEBUG is for startup and pass time information, LOG_INFO
     is used by individual tests to log trip time information and
     for  sendmail confirmations, LOG_NOTICE is where the monitor
     logs BOUNCE and state change  information,  and  LOG_ERR  is
     reserved  for  local  system  errors. See syslog.conf(4) for
     more information.

     When nefu detects a state change in a service it is reported
     via  sendmail, published in .plan and index.html, and logged
     with syslog.

     Unless HTML output is disabled  nefu  publishes  its  status
     page, dependency map,  machine list, and responsibility code
     information as HTML pages.  By default, nefu's  status  page
     has  a  refresh tag for as many seconds as nefu's pass time.
     The -r HTML refresh tag can  be  used  to  set  a  different
     refresh  interval, in seconds, with 0 disabling refreshment.
     HTML pages generated by nefu can  optionally  have  a  user-
     created  header  and  footer.   Any user created header.html
     must contain the </HEAD> and <BODY>  HTML  tags.  nefu  will
     keep a list of  snapshots  of  passes  where  state  changes
     occured if enabled with the  -H HTML history option.

     For compatability with some email-to-page gateways, nefu can
     be  run  in  redundant  mode  with the -R option.  nefu will
     repeat the information normally contained only in an email's
     subject  in to the body of the message as well. nefu's email
     domain  defaults  to the name of the localhost, unles set by
     the -D option.

     -d passes          re-query  DNS  for  failed  domain  names
                        every so many passes.  Default is 10.

     -D domain          specify the domain for nefu's email.
                        Default is the local hostname.

     -f file            specify a config file instead of stdin.

     -h                 do not output html.

     -H                 log history to html.

     -l facility        syslog facility.  Options are USER,  DAE-
                        MON,   LOCAL0,  LOCAL1,  LOCAL2,  LOCAL3,
                        LOCAL4, LOCAL5, LOCAL6, LOCAL7.   Default
                        is DAEMON.

     -m mask            umask for output files.  Default is 022.

     -n                 print the dependency tree to  stdout  and

     -N                 quit after outputting html.

     -p seconds         minimum pass time in seconds.  Default is

     -r seconds         HTML refresh interval in seconds.
                        Default is passtime.  0 disables.

     -R                 Generate emails with redundant

     -s seconds         service delay time in  seconds.   Default
                        is 0.

     -u uname           run as uname.  Default is "nefu".

     -V                 displays the version of nefu and exits.

     nefu.conf          nefu's dependency map

     $HOME/.plan        current network status

     $HOME/.project     last pass time information

     $HOME/public_html/ HTML output directory

                        optional header applied to all  generated
                        HTML pages

                        optional footer applied to all  generated
                        HTML pages

     $HOME/shelltests/  external script directory for nefu  shell

     nefu.conf(4), syslog.conf(4), finger(1), sendmail(1)

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